By V. Julliand, W. Martin-rosset

This e-book comprises the court cases of the first biannual ecu Workshop on Equine meals. It comprises outlines of the advised allowances for equines for power and nitrogen food consumption in numerous ecu nations (France, Germany, Nordic international locations and The Netherlands), the place INRA or NRC platforms are used. those outlines are given as major stories. Secondly, the booklet encompasses a synthesis on consumption laws, that's additionally given as a prime file. ultimately, the booklet includes the mins of the various around tables carried out on strength, nitrogen and consumption. a lot of these fabrics supply a good foundation for extra dialogue of the scope of the operating staff on Equine meals of the pony fee of the eu organization for Animal creation.

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The energy concentration of the diet results from the nutritive value of the feeds used and the forage/concentrate ratio stated for horses in the different situations. It can be calclulated from the ratio between the daily UFC or DE requirements 45 and TDMI provided in the tables of recommanded allowances in the INRA or NRC systems, respectively. g. g. + 17 to 28%). g. g. + 28%). g. g. + 17%) (INRA, 1990 and table 8). g. g. + 19%). 1 kg TDMI/100 kg BW. 4 kg /100 kg BW. 3 MJ at two months Table 8.

Relationships between oxygen consumption (VO2) and velocity (V) in sports horses (from Meixner, Hörnicke, Ehrlein, 1981). min-1) Figure 3. Relationship between energy expended (D) and velocity (V) (from Pagan and Hintz, 1986b). g. , 1967). The energy expenditure of a walking horse is 8 times higher at a velocity of 180 m/min than at rest (figure 3). , 1983). The energy cost of the vertical elevation when the horse is jumping is 15 fold higher (29 kJ/kg BW/m) than that at horizontal locomotion. g.

At velocities above 300-400 m/min for trot and probably more for gallop, corresponding to 50% of V02 max, muscle fast twicht (FT) fibres are mobilized. , 1983). As a result carbohydrates are of major concern in energy metabolism of exercising horses. 3 Response to conditionning and recovery Two situations should be considered either for conditionning and recovery: high intensity exercise and long term submaximal exercise. For high intensity exercise training aim at improving acceleration capacity of horses, elevating the fatigue threshold occurrence due the to lactate accumulation in the muscle by hypertrophia of muscular fibres, and elevation of the anaerobic threshold (cf.

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Nutrition Of The Performance Horse: Which System in Europe by V. Julliand, W. Martin-rosset
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