By Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva
This quantity brings jointly unique papers through linguists and philosophers at the position of context and standpoint in language and proposal. numerous contributions are fascinated with the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in fresh philosophical discussions. In a considerable advent, the editors survey the sector and map out the suitable concerns and positions.
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Extra info for Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity
Crimmins and Perry present the notional constraint analysis with this formal schema: Con(u) = b [B(a,b,t) Content(b,t)= p ni, … nk riin p(Ci(ni) Responsible(ni, ri, b))] (1989, 705) Here (each) "ni" is a variable bound by an existential quantifer, and (each) "Ci" designates a condition or constraint that some notion or other must satisfy. Crimmins and Perry suggest that this notion constraint analysis applies to belief reports, and negated belief reports, which are intuitively true or false even though it is obvious that the subject of the report does not have an appropriate notion (or idea), though in Clapp (1995) I argue that the notion constraint analysis does not solve the problem.
That the thoughtuse and the languageuse are closely related but nonetheless distinct has led to some confusion in debates over whether or not there are any unarticulated constituents. For example, Stanley (2000), who is concerned with defending the compositionality of language, assumes that if O is an unarticulated constituent of the content of an utterance, then O is represented neither overtly by some phonetically realized element in the utterance nor by any aphonic element at the level of mental representation known as logical form.
1989: 700). ” it is in some sense obvious in context what the relevant frame of reference is. 23 As Perry (1986) might put it, when it comes to our thoughts and utterances concerning velocity, there is a little Z-lander in us. But, as consideration of the secondary tensions makes clear, the case of belief reports is much different. Suppose that I explain to you why McCain chose Palin as his running-mate by uttering “He thought that she would win-over the working-class”. According to the unarticulated constituent analysis of belief reports, my utterance has one of McCain’s notions of Palin as an unarticulated constituent of its truth-conditional content.
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