By Sophocles

Love and loyalty, hatred and revenge, worry, deprivation, and political ambition: those are the causes which thrust the characters portrayed in those 3 Sophoclean masterpieces directly to their collision path with catastrophe.

Recognized in his personal day as maybe the best of the Greek tragedians, Sophocles' popularity has remained undimmed for 2 and a part thousand years. His maximum innovation within the tragic medium was once his improvement of a imperative tragic determine, confronted with a try out of will and personality, risking obloquy and dying instead of compromise his or her ideas: it's outstanding that Antigone and Electra either have a girl as their intransigent 'hero'. Antigone dies quite forget her accountability to her kinfolk, Oedipus' choice to avoid wasting his urban ends up in the awful discovery that he has devoted either incest and parricide, and Electra's unremitting anger at her mom and her lover retains her in servitude and despair.

These shiny translations mix splendor and modernity, and are amazing for his or her lucidity and accuracy. Their sonorous diction, economic climate, and sensitivity to the numerous metres and modes of the unique musical supply lead them to both appropriate for studying or theatrical peformance.

Readership: scholars of all collage degrees in drama, classics, comparative literature, theatre experiences. A-level `Classical Civilization' scholars.

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Additional resources for Antigone, Oedipus the King, Electra (Oxford World's Classics)

Example text

Such relationships are shown to be ‘natural’, playing upon that word’s meaning as ‘legitimate’, alongside an appeal to complex traditional allegorical links between nature and maternity. 70 The allegory is followed through to its furthest dramatic potential in the generic figure of blind Commynalte, England’s faithful but unseeing child, who is terrorised by the Catholic church in the person of Cardinal Pandwlfus into a position where the child is in conflict with his mother. Nation and church fight out a kind of psychomachia for the soul of the common man; a confrontation represented by the forces of evil tearing a mother and child apart.

76 Queen Mary’s speech at the Guildhall promoted her as a mother to her people, engaging head on with the propaganda of the Protestant reformers who had preceded her. Mary’s ability to assert her gender to reclaim the mother trope for her own political advantage was initially a propaganda success to which even her Christian name contributed. On his return from exile in 1554, Cardinal Pole publicly and pointedly saluted Mary at Whitehall with the words of the Ave Maria, ‘Hail Mary full of grace’, neatly combining the familiar Catholic trope, the status of the English queen and the notion of idealised motherhood in an emphatic celebration of her religious and political triumph.

Quarrels between the historical John and the pope had led to an interdict over England, and Bale dramatises the historical confrontation between church and state as a moral play in which an embattled English king struggles against an evil Catholic empire, ultimately suffering a martyr’s death at the hands of a monk. 61 In Kyng Johan England is figured by Bale as a mother abused by her subject-children and bereaved through the wickedness of the pope. qxd 3/11/09 14:57 The transformation of tradition 1111 2111 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 1211 31 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 Page 31 31 typology which associates her thematically and visually with the vulnerable mothers of the mystery plays.

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Antigone, Oedipus the King, Electra (Oxford World's by Sophocles
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