By W.G. Frankenburg, V.I. Komarewsky, E.K. Rideal (Eds.)

(from preface)The use of heterogeneous catalysts as a device within the laboratory, in preparative chemistry, and in huge scale business construction has increased past any expectancies over the last 3 decades.Catalytic procedures this present day dominate the construction of sulfuric acid, ammonia, methanol, and plenty of different business items. The cracking of mineral oils, the hydrogenation, transformation, and synthesis of hydrocarbons are just about all situated round catalytic conversions performed with many various catalysts together with a few of hugely particular motion. Many extra catalyzed reactions are being conducted in batch procedures and in non-stop operations, in heterogeneous and in homogeneous systems...

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On the other hand, the authors' statement that a 50-g. ming of nickel in the calorimeter absorbed only 40 cc. hydrogen at 0" C. would be indicative of a low adsorption capacity in terms of the preceding data where adsorption at 0' C. /g. The desorption technique devised by Eucken and Hunsmann consisted in saturating the nickel preparation with a quantity of hydrogen, rapidly pumping off the dead space and easily desorbable gas at temperature, and then heating the preparation for 1-5 hours up to 600" K.

Chem. Soc. 60,877 (1938). 10. , and Emmett, P. , J . Am. Chem. Soc. 02,1732 (1940). 11. Benton, A. , and White,T. , J . Am. Chem. Soc. 62,2325 (1930). 12. a. , Benedict, W. , and Taylor, H. ,J . Am. Chem. Soc. 68, 1445, 1795 (1936). b. , Trenner, N. , and Taylor, H. , 69, 1103 (1937). 13. , and Taylor, H. , J . Am. Chem. , 70, 345 (1048). 14. Taylor, H. , Tram. Faruday Soc. 26, 137 (1932). 15. physik. Chem. 44B,163 (1939). 16. a. , 2. physik. Chem. Bodenstein Festband, 605 (1931). b. , Trans. 28,229 (1932).

From liquid nitrogen temperatures. This is not an isolated example. There are numerous similar data in other surfaces studied. The nickel-kieselguhr surface is covered with hydrogen to an extent equalling nearly one-half a monolayer of nitrogen at liquid nitrogen temperatures. The high value recorded at -126" C. on raising the temperature compared with that obtained after 250 minutes on a clean surface at -126" C. , much of the van der Waals adsorbed hydrogen is converted to chemisorbed gas and held by the surface in this manner.

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Advances in Catalysis, Vol. 1 by W.G. Frankenburg, V.I. Komarewsky, E.K. Rideal (Eds.)
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