By Steven Runciman

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A historical past of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English ancient writing, is now being reissued. This quantity describes the Frankish states of Outremer from the accession of King Baldwin I to the re-conquest of Jerusalem via Saladin. As Runciman says in his preface, 'The politics of the Moslem international within the early twelfth-century defy straight forward research, yet they need to be understood if we're to appreciate the institution of the Crusader states and the later reasons of the restoration of Islam ... the most subject during this quantity is conflict ... i've got the instance of the previous chroniclers, who knew their company; for struggle used to be the history to lifestyles in Outremer and the risks of the battlefield frequently made up our minds its destiny.'

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In the far north Bohemond' s garrison at Albistan only r Albert of Aix, IX, 43, pp. 617-18; Ibn al-Athir, p. 223; Ibn al-Qalanisi, pp. 69-70. 1 Albert of Aix, IX, 46, pp. 619--20. 45 The Norman Princes of Antioch maintained itself by imprisoning the leading local Armenians, who were plotting with the Turks. The whole of Bohemond's state might have been endangered had not Duqaq of Damascus died towards the end of June II04 whereupon Ridwan's attention was taken up by the struggle for the succession between Duqaq's two sons, Buri and Utash.

Matchew of Edessa (loc. ) believed chat Bohemond was obliged to marry a rich lady, whom he calls che wife ofStephen Pol (apparently muddling Hugh of Champagne with the Crusader Hugh of Saint Pol who was a friend of Bohemond). She imprisoned him till he consented. He would have preferred to return to che East. 49 The Norman Pri11ces of A11tioch their leaders, devices that his daughter Anna described with loving admiration. By September Bohemond knew that he was beaten, and he surrendered to the Emperor.

Harran itself had belonged to a Turkish general, Qaraja, who had been a mameluke in Malik Shah's service; but his brutal behaviour had caused the inhabitants to rise against him and to hand over the government to a certain Mohammed of Isfahan. Mohammed in his turn was murdered by a former page ofQaraja's, called Jawali, with whom he had rashly become intimate. ButJawali's authority was very insecure; while Harrah itself began to suffer severely from raids by the Franks of Edessa, who devastated its fields and interrupted its trade.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of by Steven Runciman
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