By John Colaneri; Vincent Luciani;

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You can also compare the conjugation of the English verb with the corresponding conjugation of Italian mangiare. The Seven Simple Tenses The Seven Compound Tenses 1 Present Indicative I eat, I do eat, I we eat, we do eat, am eating we are eating you eat, you do eat, you eat, you do eat, you are eating you are eating he (she, it) eats, he they eat, they are (she, it) does eat, eating, they do he (she, it) is eating eat 8 Present Perfect I have eaten you have eaten he (she, it) has eaten 2 Imperfect Indicative I was eating, I used we were eating, to eat we used to eat you were eating, you were eating, you used to eat you used to eat he (she, it) was they were eating, eating, he (she, it) they used to eat used to eat 9 Pluperfect Indicative I had eaten we had eaten you had eaten you had eaten he (she, it) had eaten they had eaten 3 Preterit I ate, I did eat we ate, we did eat you ate, you did eat you ate, you did eat he (she, it) ate, he they ate, they did (she, it) did eat eat 10 Past Anterior I had eaten you had eaten he (she, it) had eaten 4 Future I will eat you will eat he (she, it) will eat 11 Future Anterior I will have eaten you will have eaten he (she, it) will have eaten we will eat you will eat they will eat we have eaten you have eaten they have eaten we had eaten you had eaten they had eaten we will have eaten you will have eaten they will have eaten 5 Conditional I would eat we would eat you would eat you would eat he (she, it) would eat they would eat 12 Conditional Perfect I would have eaten we would have eaten you would have eaten you would have eaten he (she, it) would they would have eaten have eaten 6 Present Subjunctive I may eat we may eat you may eat you may eat he (she, it) may eat they may eat 13 Past Subjunctive I may have eaten you may have eaten he (she, it) may have eaten 7 Imperfect/Past Subjunctive I might eat we might eat you might eat you might eat he (she, it) might eat they might eat 14 Pluperfect Subjunctive I might have eaten we might have eaten you might have eaten you might have eaten he (she, it) might they might have eaten have eaten we may have eaten you may have eaten they may have eaten Imperative — let him (her, it) eat eat eat let’s eat let them eat Sample English verb conjugation—“to eat” xxix 501Italian_0FM 11/2/06 1:11 PM Page xxx 501Italian_0FM 11/2/06 1:11 PM Page xxxi Essential 55 verb list The following 55 verbs are the ones that are used frequently in common conversation.

16 adoriamo adorate adorino Extended uses/Related words and expressions adorazione adoration, worship, adulation, devotion l’adorazione della Madonna devotion to the Madonna Elvis Presley è tutt’oggi oggetto di adorazione. Elvis Presley is still an entity of worship. 501Italian_A 11/2/06 1:13 PM Page 17 Gerund affermando Past Part. affermato affermare to affirm, to declare, to state The Seven Simple Tenses The Seven Compound Tenses Singular Singular Plural 1 Present Indicative affermo affermiamo affermi affermate afferma affermano 8 Present Perfect ho affermato hai affermato ha affermato abbiamo affermato avete affermato hanno affermato 2 Imperfect affermavo affermavi affermava affermavamo affermavate affermavano 9 Past Perfect avevo affermato avevi affermato aveva affermato avevamo affermato avevate affermato avevano affermato 3 Past Absolute affermai affermasti affermò affermammo affermaste affermarono 10 Past Anterior ebbi affermato avesti affermato ebbe affermato avemmo affermato aveste affermato ebbero affermato 4 Future affermerò affermerai affermerà affermeremo affermerete affermeranno 11 Future Perfect avrò affermato avrai affermato avrà affermato avremo affermato avrete affermato avranno affermato 5 Present Conditional affermerei affermeremmo affermeresti affermereste affermerebbe affermerebbero 12 Past Conditional avrei affermato avresti affermato avrebbe affermato avremmo affermato avreste affermato avrebbero affermato 6 Present Subjunctive affermi affermiamo affermi affermiate affermi affermino 13 Past Subjunctive abbia affermato abbia affermato abbia affermato abbiamo affermato abbiate affermato abbiano affermato 7 Imperfect Subjunctive affermassi affermassimo affermassi affermaste affermasse affermassero 14 Past Perfect Subjunctive avessi affermato avessimo affermato avessi affermato aveste affermato avesse affermato avessero affermato Plural A Imperative — afferma (non affermare) affermi Samples of basic verb usage Il professore ha affermato che era d’origine italiana.

Each of these Essential 55 Verbs has a second page which gives the reason why it is considered an essential verb, samples of basic verb usage; as well as words and expressions related to the given verb, and any other unique features about the verb. • A verb to which regular spelling changes apply is identified with the phrase Spelling Pattern A, Spelling Pattern B, or Spelling Pattern C (see the Verbs Requiring Spelling Changes section for information on these spelling patterns). Conjugations • On the left side of the page, you will find the conjugations of the verb in the seven simple tenses.

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501 Italian Verbs by John Colaneri; Vincent Luciani;
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